The most important task of the Lunar-Resource project includes the study of its Poles by the Landers, collection and delivery from the moon surface to earth samples of water along with other substances found and Research on these will definitely throw light on the mystery of the solar system. This project will extend till 2013.
Such Lunar exploration program taken by Russia is scheduled for the next ten years. There will be two expeditions during the year 2012-2014, that is the Russian Luna – Glob and the Russian-Indian Luna – Resource.
The main object behind the implementation of this project undertaken jointly by Russia and India is to establish the presence of water on the Earth’s satellite, which was revealed during Chandrayaan Mission-1.
It is planned for the creation of a device consisting of two parts in Chandrayaan Mission-2 project, that is the orbiter and Lander. During this expedition it has been planned to study the satellites South Pole’s surface and the composition of its soil.
This exploration program is aimed at bringing to Earth – samples of water and volatiles from south poles for further study. In case such experiment becomes successful, it will definitely help to understand the source of water and thereby reveal the secret of the origin of the universe.
For the second Chandrayaan Lunar Mission ‘ISRO’ (Indian space research organization) has informed about the scientific instruments to be on the board to its counterpart that is the Russian Space Agency. India plans to launch the Space – Craft in the year 2013 from its own launch pad which is located in the south of the country.
The problem faced in any space-program are as follows :
- Maintaining the required temperature in the instrument compartment
- Providing electric power lines to the functional equipments on board of such vehicle
- Research and technological equipments on board
- The limited energy equipped with the vehicle and power failure may lead to loss in consideration of the huge expense involved in such expedition
There are five main structures that are included in Chandrayaan-2 that is the orbital path which will explore the moon in different stages. For the descent module there will be two more on the board.
Out of the five instruments of the orbital module, two are improved or developed versions of the mission of the Chandrayaan-1 and the rest three are new. The development of these three will be taken up by the specialists of Indian research institutes.
For mapping the basic elements present on the moon, wide soft X-ray spectrometer CLASS and solar X-ray monitor will be required.
For studying the structure of the Lunar ice and search for the presence of water on the Lunar surface, aperture radar S- and L- bands will be required.
For studying the outer- sphere of the moon, infrared spectrometer is required.
For compiling three-dimensional maps of the lunar outer sphere, neutral mass spectrometer is required.
Studying the geology and mineralogy of the moon, requirement of surface mapping camera.
The Russian landing pad weighing about 1,250 pounds will land on the surface of the moon after servicing. The composition of the Lunar soil will be collected and analyzed by the Indian Lunar rover. Two instruments are to be carried for doing this that is the breakdown laser spectrometer(LIBS) and X-ray spectrometer to the alpha- particles(APIXS)